Clothing

10 Fashion Terms to Know

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  1. Leotard- A fitted one-piece knitted garment that is worn around the torso of the body.  Can also cover arms and neck. Mostly used for physical activity.
  2.  Maroon- A color that is a dark purple with brown or red tones.
  3.  Matelasse- A luxury fabric with an embossed effect.  The front and back of the cloth are separate fabrics that are joined together with extra yarns.
  4. Baby doll nightgown- A nightgown made with short puffed sleeves and matching panties and sheer.
  5. Ombre- Tones of a color with monochromatic shading from light to dark of a single color.
  6. Opaque- A term which means no light can pass through it.
  7. Translucent- A term which means semi-transparent.
  8. Transparent- A term used to describe items that light can pass through or been seen through.
  9. Voile- A fabric that is lightweight and open weaved to make a it a slightly rough texture.
  10. Beige- A color occurring in nature. Undyed fabric when it was first made.

 

Clothing

Fashion Terms for July

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1. Worsted: A type of yarn that is made up of long wool fibers that are twisted and combed.  It can also be used to describe fabric that is woven or knitted.  The fabric must be made with the long wool fibers which are carded or and combed to take out the small fibers.  Fibers are further transformed by gas or flame to remove more short fibers.  Then the fabric is pressed.

2. Watch Fob: A short chain or charm engraved with initials and attached to the pocket watch.

3.Vinyl: Is a man made material that is made of plastic and can have many attributes including, but not limited to, tough, shiny, and see through. Often used as an exterior fabric for waterproofing or to resemble natural leather.  Examples include boots, raincoats and shoes.

4.Tulle: A term that refers to a fine and sheer net fabric that can be made of a variety of sources.  Mainly used for wedding veils, and fancy dress items.

5. Tailor: A term for an industry professional who can make, alter and mend clothing of various types. Also can be used as a term to refer to fit of a garment.

6. Starching: Is a finishing process of fabric in which the fabric is dipped in a solution, and pressed with heat.  The fabric is rendered stiff, but it is not a permanent state.

7. Ballet Slipper: A soft and flexible foot covering which has a minimal sole and no heel used to dance by women and children or a street style that is made to be worn outdoors of more sturdy materials than the shoe covering before.

8. Ascot scarf: A rectangular shaped scarf which often worn loosely at the neck by men and women.

9. Mourning Clothes: Clothing that is often black,  and worn for funerals, and mourning periods.

10. Mesh: A material made of flexible metal linked together to form types of garments or other fabric types of uses.

Want to know the definition of a fashion or clothing term?  Write it below and it may appear in a future list of this monthly feature.

 

 

Clothing

June Fashion Terms to Know

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It’s time for the monthly article I write on Fashion Terms.  Some of these terms as common place others are obscure.  I hope you enjoy a little jaunt into the world of clothing.  Here are ten terms to know this month.

  1. Baseball Cap:  A cap that has a dome shaped top.  It can be a solid color or multi colored dome.  It can also be made of different fabrics, but usually nylon.  Has an adjustable headband.
  2. Davy Crockett Cap:  A head covering made out of racoon fur with the tail of the racoon attached to the backside of the cap and laying down along the neck.  Worn in Colonial America and re-popularized in the 1950s and 1960s. Named for famous early American Davy Crockett who died at the Alamo.
  3. Chevron: A design which has two straight lines that meet to form an inverted V. These V shapes are worn on the sleeves of uniforms for the military, police and fire.
  4. Couture: Comes from the French and is used to describe a style of fashion which is the ultimate in fabric, construction, and design.  These clothes are shown twice a year and sold to a very limited audience due to extremely high cost.
  5. Androgynous: Someone or something possessing male and female characteristics.
  6. Mantilla: A shawl or veil worn by Spanish women made of lace and worn for special occasions.  Maybe worn over a high comb.
  7. Natural Fibers: Fibers that are from animals, plants or mineral origins.  Different from those that are made of chemicals (manmade).
  8. Organza:  A light fabric which is transparent and stiff. It is made of rayon or silk yarns. Can be crushed buy also it is easy to press into shape.  Often used for dresses, millinery, and trim.
  9. Parachute pants: A straight legged pant with a zipper from the hem up the leg to make it fit to the ankles securely. It has three zipped pockets on each leg and another at the waist.
  10. Signet Ring: A ring with a large stone or piece of glass cut into a pattern that represents a single person or family.  Used to make impression in wax seals.

Stop by next month for another installment.

 

Clothing

Fashion Terms for May

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Agile Manufacturing: Technology that uses modular production rather than the normal piece goods method.

Colorway: The variety of two to four choices of color in the same season, for the same print or solid, in each style.

Sourcing: The decision process of determining who, what and where of your textile and apparel products manufacture, or where each individual piece is made.

Zoot Suit: An avant guard style of the 1940’s for men which used high-waisted, pleated pants that narrow at the ankle.  Worn with a long coat shoulder pads and large lapels, a wide brimmed hat, and a key chain or watch chain coming out of the side pants pocket.

Turnip Pants: For bicycling, pants that could be turned down to make full length pants.  Popular in the 1890’s.

Teddybear Coat: Large coat of alpaca fabric worn by men, women and children in the 1920’s.  Today some large, synthetic coats that appear like sheep wool has also been referred to as a teddybear coat.

Cowl-neck: On a pullover garment with extra large rolled collar which forms a cowl neck.

Ankle socks: A short sock that only reaches the ankle. It can be turned down to the ankle too.  First used in the 1920’s in the US for sport matches for women.

Bell Sleeve: A sleeve that is narrow against the arm near the shoulder and upper arm, then flaring out to the wrist or elbow. To be in the shape of a bell.

Tuxedo Pump Shoe: A low heel pump shoe with a rounded toe made of patent leather for the most part.  It can also have grosgrain trim around the top of the shoe or in a decorative bow at the toes.

 

Clothing

April Fashion Terms to Know

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It’s April and time for another installment of Fashion Terms to know.  I try to give definitions to common used and unique fashion items for your enjoyment.  You may think you know the definition but sometimes you may be surprised.  Enjoy!

Loom: A machine on which cloth is woven not knitted.  Yarns are raised and lowered to produce the desired weave.

Lycra: Trademarked by the DuPont company.  A filament spandex fiber.  Fabric is not 100% Lycra, used for stretch and recovery.

Macaroni: Not the pasta!  Pronounce Mack-a-roo-knee. Used to describe a fashionable man (the term used before Metrosexual) in the time of King George the third.  Refers to members of the Macaroni club formed in England.  The style of dress came later. Trademarks include tight clothing, colorful clothing, large boutonniere, enormous buckles and decorative buttons with a tricorn hat.  Remember the nursery rhyme “Yankee Doodle Dandy?”  A dandy is also another name for a Macaroni.  So when you get to the line “stuffed a feather in his hat and called him Macaroni.”  It’s not the pasta pronunciation but the clothing one!

Macrame: Two, three, four or more strands of cord, string or yarn knotted in groups to form patterns.  Popular in 1970’s to make clothing, and other accessories.

Made-To-Measure: Dress or suit made according to an individual’s measurement often with not fittings.

Magenta: Purplish-red color, first chemical dye to be used for dress fabrics.  Named after a town in Italy where it was developed.

Moire: A fabric finish that achieves a wave-like watered effect by heated rollers. A stiff fabric made with rayon, silk, acetate.  Used in evening fabrics.

Moleskin: A cotton fabric known for being durable and suede like in touch.  Made with a satin weave.

Pompadour Bag:  A drawstring bag in a round or oval shape that was common in the 1880’s and was made of velvet, satin or another fine fabric with floral embroidery and use of gold and silver thread.

Mackintosh Raincoat: Most commonly plastic yellow, a style of waterproof coat combined with a cape worn by Fire or police.  British slang also used for all raincoats.

Slicker: Also another type of raincoat commonly in a yellow hue.  It is made of oilskin or another rubber fabric and fastened with clips in the front.  First used by sailors and today commonly used in children’s coats.

Clothing

10 Fashion Words to Know

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Afternoon Dress: A term used to indicate type of dress suitable for a garden party or afternoon formal tea, includes a hat.

Bikini Chain: A belt of fine gold chain worn with bikini and hip exposing pants.  Origin in the 1960’s.

Bench Wig: Tightly curled wig with flaps that hang down over the ears.  Often seen worn by judges in Great Britain.

Betrothal Ring; A ring commonly used in the 16th century which was broken in half and each half given to the bride and the groom.

Go-Go Boots: A white boot that comes up to the calf on your leg.  Originally worn by Go-Go dancers.

Godet:  A triangular piece of fabric set into a skirt or sleeve to give fullness.

Gossamer: While it has multiple meanings it is most commonly used to refer to a veiling fabric made of silk.  Think of the phase “On gossamer wings.”

Herringbone: A pattern made of short slanting parallel lines adjacent to other rows that slant in the opposite direction.  Creates a V shape design.

Karat: Describes the quality of gold used in jewelry.  24K means gold with no alloys added, but often too soft for jewelry. Not to be confused with Carat which is used for weight of gemstones.

Legwarmers: Knitted leg covers which stretch from ankle to knee.  Was a huge fashion trends in the 80’s.

See you next month for more fashion terms!

 

Clothing

10 Fashion Terms to Know

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So many terms, so little time.  Here is this month’s installment of 10 Fashion Terms to know. Learning different fashion terms not only enables you to discuss fashion on a whole new level, but can give you new clothing ideas and a history lesson to boot.  Enjoy!

Aglet:  The plastic or metal tag at the end of a shoelace tip at the end of lacing.  Can be ornamental.  Used to join clothing in earlier periods.

A-line: A term created in 1955 by Christian Dior to describe the style of dress where the dress starts out close to the shoulders and then slowly falling away from the under arm area to the hem.  It resembles the letter A.

Alpaca: An animal that is related to camels but has a sheep like coat.  It is native to South America.  While related to the Llama, it should not be confused with it. It’s coat is used to spin yarn which has a lustrous sheen.

Bagheera: A fine uncut velvet characterized by short, close loops.  It is known to be crush resistant.

Bandanna: A scarf made of cotton, calico fabric on a red or blue background.

Blouson Blouse: A blouse that has fullness at the waist that is gathered into a band.

Bow Blouse: A blouse with a band around the neck with two long ends you can tie in a bow.

Gypsy Blouse: A blouse with a drawstring neckline and short or long sleeves that puff out.

Peplum: A shirt or jacket with a separate seam at waist to which a ruffle or circular piece cut on the bias is added for fullness. Can also be a blouse that is long and full with an elastic waistline.

Snake bracelet: A bracelet made in the form of a serpent coiled around the arm. Dates back to the ancient Greeks.